Only indirectly researchers of Chekhov's prose used to address the issue of character's identity. Nevertheless, it is a dominant subject in the works of 1880-1887. The character chooses between three types of self-positioning, differing in the degree of latitude/narrowness of the conditions it generates: non-contextual, non-strictly contextual (situational) and strictly contextual (narrative). The image of "I" can be extremely stable, irrespective of circumstances ("Shh!", "Sergeant Prishibeyev"). However hero is often bound to abandon the chosen role, if the context of its implementation changes at an invariant level ("A Misfortune", "The Tutor"). Finally, depicted subject can present himself as a participant of a story ("Rag", "Heavy People"). None of the types of identity allows the character to find "self", because he has to look at himself from the point of view of the other - thus from a priori unreliable point of view.